The station was built in 1905 at Mitchell and Spring Streets, designed by architect P. Thornton Marye of Washington, D.C., and built by Atlanta contractors Gude & Walker.
The Atlanta Journal reported, "Amid the strains of Down in Dixie, played by the Sixteenth U. S. Infantry band, Atlanta's new terminal station at Mitchell Street and Madison Avenue (now Spring Street) was formally opened yesterday afternoon....the first train rolled under the big shed, coming from Washington over the rails of the Southern Railway, and bringing the through mail from New York and the east..."
A new station, Union Station, was built in 1930 between Spring and Forsyth Streets.
Source: "Atlanta and Environs, A Chronicle of Its People and Events, Vol II" by Franklin M. Garrett, ©1954 by Lewis Historical Publishing Company, Inc.,. Reprinted 1969 by University of Georgia Press.